BMBF FeuerWhere - Tracking Fire Fighters

About FeuerWhere

Project Overview
Funding Bundesministerium f√ľr Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Supporting Fund Managing Agency Deutsches Zentrum f√ľr Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)
Budget 4,2 mill. ‚ā¨
Time frame 01.01.2008 - 30.06.2010


The Berlin fire brigade handles about 300 000 incidents per year. Especially fire fighting exposes rescue forces to high risks and requires them to go up to and beyond their physical limits. In strong smoke emissions the forces have to explore buildings with almost no sight. Usually only a rough plan is available for a disaster site and buildings to aid in orientation.

Command control has to manage the operation on pieces of information from radio communication and sketches. The location of the rescue forces inside buildings, their vital state and environments parameters can only be guessed very roughly from the available pieces of information.In the joint-project FeuerWhere, we will research the use of technical devices to improve this lack of information from 2008 until 2010. We will use wireless, self-configurating sensor networks to ensure independence of any existing infrastructure at the disaster site.

The project goal is to develop a solution that is capable of monitoring the location and vital state of rescue forces as well as current environmental parameters continuously. This system must be designed for ad-hoc setup and consecutive extension during the incident. The main research focus is the localisation of rescue forces in realistic environments and buildings. A central technology used for localisation are NanoLOC transceivers, which allow distance estimations by time of arrival measurements. The ScatterWeb sensor network needs to provide a stable backbone even in harsh environments. An additional wireless body-area network is used to gather vital information and environment parameters. All information is provided at a central station to support incident control in potentially vital decision. To provide mobile access for rescue forces the system, a TETRA gateway will be built.

Copyright 2008 Freie Universität Berlin and FeuerWhere project partners. Imprint